When using the latest MSOnline or the AzureAD PoSH CMDlets with a federated account in the following scenarios:
- Running the “Connect-MSOnline” or the “Connect-AzureAD” CMDlets with the credentials parameter
- Running the “Connect-MSOnline” or the “Connect-AzureAD” CMDlets with/without the credentials parameter for a federated account for which MFA is enforced through conditional access in AAD
… you might experience the issues as explained in this blog post.
The issues do not occur when using native Azure AD accounts (non-federated).
Running the “Connect-MSOnline” or the “Connect-AzureAD” CMDlets in any of the scenarios above you will see the following logon screen for Azure AD pop up
Figure 1: Azure AD PowerShell Logon Screen
After enter the username of the federated account and clicking on the password field, you will be redirected to ADFS to actually logon after providing your AD account password. At least, that’s the idea.
However, instead you will see an error very similar to what you see below.
Figure 2: Error Thrown By ADFS After The Redirection For Authentication
Looking at the ADFS/Admin Event Log and searching for the event ID that has the same correlation ID as the activity ID shown above, you will find the following event ID.
Figure 3: Error Event In The ADFS/Admin Event Log
Encountered error during federation passive request.
Microsoft.IdentityServer.Service.Policy.PolicyServer.Engine.InvalidAuthenticationTypePolicyException: MSIS7102: Requested Authentication Method is not supported on the STS.
at Microsoft.IdentityServer.Web.Authentication.GlobalAuthenticationPolicyEvaluator.EvaluatePolicy(IList`1 mappedRequestedAuthMethods, AccessLocation location, ProtocolContext context, HashSet`1 authMethodsInToken, Boolean& validAuthMethodsInToken)
at Microsoft.IdentityServer.Web.Authentication.AuthenticationPolicyEvaluator.RetrieveFirstStageAuthenticationDomain(Boolean& validAuthMethodsInToken)
at Microsoft.IdentityServer.Web.Authentication.AuthenticationPolicyEvaluator.EvaluatePolicy(Boolean& isLastStage, AuthenticationStage& currentStage, Boolean& strongAuthRequried)
at Microsoft.IdentityServer.Web.PassiveProtocolListener.GetAuthMethodsFromAuthPolicyRules(PassiveProtocolHandler protocolHandler, ProtocolContext protocolContext)
at Microsoft.IdentityServer.Web.PassiveProtocolListener.GetAuthenticationMethods(PassiveProtocolHandler protocolHandler, ProtocolContext protocolContext)
at Microsoft.IdentityServer.Web.PassiveProtocolListener.OnGetContext(WrappedHttpListenerContext context)
After closing the Azure AD PowerShell Logon Screen, you will see the following error
Figure 4: Error In The PowerShell Command Prompt Window After Closing The Azure AD PowerShell Logon Screen
Connect-MsolService : Authentication Error: Unexpected authentication failure.
At line:1 char:1
+ CategoryInfo : OperationStopped: (:) [Connect-MsolService], Exception
+ FullyQualifiedErrorId : System.Exception,Microsoft.Online.Administration.Automation.ConnectMsolService
The solution to all these problems is to enable “Forms Authentication” for the Intranet within the ADFS Global Authentication Policy. By default for the intranet only “Windows Authentication” is enabled, but you need to enable “Forms Authentication” in addition as shown in the picture below
Figure 5: Enabling Forms Authentication For The Intranet On The ADFS Global Authentication Policy
Now, after entering the username of the federated account and clicking on the password field, you will be redirected to ADFS to actually logon after providing your AD account password. After providing the password and clicking “Sign In”, ADFS will try to authentication you. This will succeed assuming you have the correct federated accounts and its corresponding password.
Figure 6: ADFS Forms Based Logon Screen After Being Redirected Successfully To ADFS
After clicking “Sign In” and having ADFS authenticate you successfully through Forms Authentication, you will see that authentication has succeeded as the screen below does not show any errors
Figure 7: Successful Authentication Through ADFS To Azure AD
PS: Another application that will behave like this, when Forms Authentication is not enabled for the Intranet, is CRM Dynamics from Microsoft!
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* Always evaluate/test yourself before using/implementing this!
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