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(2011-11-04) Installing And Uninstalling AD On Windows Server 8 As An RWDC And As An RODC – Part 1

Posted by Jorge on 2011-11-04


A while ago I downloaded Windows Server 8 Developer Preview from MSDN and the first I did a few days ago was installing AD in different ways on an RWDC and an RODC. I just wanted to see how the new Windows Server looks like. The first thing you will notice is the “new” start menu. When you click on it you do not get the old style menu, but rather you get the metro style stuff. In the beginning I was like “WTF, my server isn’t a phone!”. After using it for a few days I think I can get used to this. However, I do wonder what happens when it is filled with icons. Most likely it will slide like on a Windows phone, and I think that’s the part I do not like. I prefer to have the stuff grouped in a menu as it is in the current versions of Windows. This is how it looks right on my brand new Windows Server 8 RWDC.

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Figure 1: The Metro Style UI In Windows Server 8

Other things I have noticed is….. where the heck are the SHUTDOWN, REBOOT and LOGOFF buttons? Seriously I have not found them yet! clip_image002[20]For that I start PowerShell to execute the following commands respectively: “SHUTDOWN /S”, “SHUTDOWN /R”, “LOGOFF”. Then I noticed that there is not link for the good old Command Prompt, only for PowerShell. Could not find that either, but you can still execute CMD.EXE within the PowerShell windows. I also executed WINVER to see what it would show. See for yourself.

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Figure 2: The Under-The-Hood Version For Windows Server 8

I did not expect this one. I would expect version 8.0. The “8” in Windows Server 8 is most likely derived from the build number, which does start with an “8”. Probably to confuse the Linux guys! clip_image002[21]

Enough about this, and lets get going with promoting the server to an RWDC. In Windows Server 2008 R2 and lower you could NOT install the Domain Controller role through Server Manager, although it was listed as one in Server Manager. You actually had to promote the server to a (RW/RO)DC by executing DCPROMO from the command line. In Windows Server 8, that has changed! If you execute DCPROMO you will see something like…

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Figure 3: The Message You See When Installing AD The Old Style Way

In other words. This is THE END of the good old DCPROMO! New ways working people, get started and get used to it! clip_image005[8]

So, HOW do you install or promote an RWDC or RODC? The Server Manager or Powershell are the key tools here! Server Manager starts by default after logging on. This can be changed if you want. When Server Manager starts it looks like as shown below. To install AD on the local server you need to choose the option “add roles”. In previous versions of Windows, you had the options “add roles” and “add features”. In this new version of Windows there is no difference anymore. There is still a difference between roles and features, but there no difference anymore how to install either.

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Figure 4: Server Manager Dashboard

The following page provides basic information.

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Figure 5: The “Before You Begin” Page

As you can read below, you will most likely choose the first option as the second option is only supported by the Remote Desktop Services role.

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Figure 6: The “Installation Type” Page

All servers added to the dashboard of the local server will be shown in the list below. In this case only the local server is listed. If multiple remote servers were listed I could add roles/features to those remote servers from this server. Isn’t that cool!!!???

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Figure 7: The “Server Selection” Page

To install AD on this version of Windows through the Server Manager you need to select the role called “Active Directory Domain Services” (no shit!, Sherlock! clip_image002[22])

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Figure 8: The “Server Roles” Page

As soon as you tick the role called “Active Directory Domain Services”, you will see the following window pop-up to also add the AD related tools.

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Figure 9: Confirmation To Also Install The RSAT For AD

After clicking “Add Required Features” above, you will be able to click “Next >” as shown in the screen below. As you can see I did not select DNS. In the end the system will install the DNS role also if no DNS infrastructure is detected/available. Of course if you want/need you can install the DNS Server role along with it.

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Figure 10: The “Server Roles” Page

In the following screen you can select features you want to install in addition as needed. I explicitly selected the “Group Policy Management” feature to be installed. This is not really needed because the system will install it automatically during the promotion as the server will become a DC.

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Figure 11: The “Features” Page

In the following screen you can read basic information about the “Active Directory Domain Services” role

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Figure 12: The “Active Directory Domain Services” Role Specific Information Page

In the following screen you can find a summary of what is going to happen. You need to confirm this to continue. If you want you can have the server to be restarted automatically as required.

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Figure 13: The “Confirmation” Page

After clicking “Install” the selected role binaries will be installed on the server.

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Figure 14: The Installation Of The Roles/Features In Progress

As was already introduced with Windows Server 2008, the role binaries were first installed and afterwards the DC has to be promoted to get a DC up and running. To promote to a DC click on the link called “Promote this server to a domain controller”. Note the remark below the installation progress. If for whatever reason you have closed the “Add Roles and Features Wizard” window, you can get it back by clicking on the flag icon on the upper right corner of figure 4.

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Figure 15: The Installation Of The Roles/Features Finished

So far so good, the “Active Directory Domain Services” role binaries have been installed and now it is time to promote the server to a DC. That will part of the SECOND PART.

Cheers,
Jorge
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3 Responses to “(2011-11-04) Installing And Uninstalling AD On Windows Server 8 As An RWDC And As An RODC – Part 1”

  1. […] RWDC And As An RODC – Part 2 2011-11-04 Jorge Leave a comment Go to comments In the FIRST PART the “Active Directory Domain Services” role binaries were installed and now it is time to […]

  2. […] ldap389-pdce et ldap389-dc2 situés chacun dans un site AD, pour l’installation c’est ici et […]

  3. […] Part – 1 […]

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